Source types

What is the ‘source type’ definition found in the Sourcing Hub for some countries?

Forests in a country may face different levels and types of risks of illegality. It might be, for example, that there is risk of illegal harvesting in natural forests but not in plantations. Or it might be that the risks of illegality in one part of a country are greater than those in another part of the country.

Wherever the risks of illegality differs between different types of forest, we identify them and differentiate the risk assessment to reflect these variations. The different features of forests that we consider – that is, the source type characteristics – are:

  • The forest type. E.g. if the forest is a plantation or a natural forest

  • The location of the forest

  • The legal status of the forest. For example, if it is protected or production forest

  • The ownership of the forest. This is generally divided between privately or publicly owned

  • The management of the forest. This could for example be undertaken by a private actor or by a public agency

We have only defined different source types for countries where the risk of illegality differs. If there is no significant difference in the legality risk between privately owned and publicly owned forests, we do not list these as different source types for that country.

For example, in Malaysia, the risks of illegality will vary between different geographical regions. To address this have we created source types covering the Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and the Sarawak, and we have created separate risk assessments for each of these regions.

Another example is Brazil, where the risks of illegality vary between natural forests and plantations. Some areas of law only apply to natural forests, not plantations. Other areas of the law apply to both but are only at risk of being violated in natural forests, whilst there is only a negligible risk of this in plantations. We have created source types for plantations and natural forests accordingly, and we have differentiated the risk assessment for each of these source types.

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